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九价HPV疫苗上市了,二价和四价HPV疫苗还有用吗?
时间: 2019- 08- 22 浏览次数: 来源:亚搏_亚搏体育注册|正规授权 作者: 点击: 字号: [ ]

九价HPV疫苗上市了,二价和四价HPV疫苗还有用吗?
      2018年4月28日,国家药品监督管理局有条件批准用于预防宫颈癌的九价人乳头状瘤病毒疫苗(以下简称九价HPV疫苗)。至此,全球已经上市使用的所有HPV疫苗品种在我国均有供应,能更好地满足公众对疫苗接种的不同需求,为宫颈癌的预防提供了新的有效手段。

 

JIUJIAHPVYIMIAOSHANGSHILE,

CIQIANSHANGSHIDE

ERJIA、SIJIAYIMIAOHAIYOUYONGME?

GUOJIAYAOJIANJUYAOQINGZHUANJIADUICIJINXINGJIEDU。

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Q1: 九价HPV疫苗哪些人可以接种?

      WOGUOPIZHUNSHANGSHIDEJINKOUJIUJIAHPVYIMIAO,QIJIEZHONGSHIYONGRENQUNSHI16~26SUINVXING。CIQIANSHANGSHIDEERJIAHPVYIMIAO,SHIYONGNIANLINGSHI9~45SUI;SIJIAHPVYIMIAOSHIYONGNIANLINGSHI20~45SUI。JIEZHIMUQIAN,SANZHONGYISHANGSHIDEHPVYIMIAOYIJUTIJIAODELINCHUANGYANJIUSHUJUPIZHUNDESHIYONGRENQUNNIANLINGFANWEIYOUSUOBUTONG。

 

 

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 Q2: 为什么九价HPV疫苗的接种人群要限定在16~26岁女性?

     YUERJIA、SIJIAHPVYIMIAOBUTONG,JIUJIAHPVYIMIAOSHANGSHISHIANLINCHUANGJIXUYAOPINCAIYONGJINGWAILINCHUANGSHUJUZHIJIEYONGYUZHONGGUOZHUCE。

 目前批准人群之所以定为该年龄段,具体依据来自以下三方面:

      ※   YISHIZHICHIBENYIMIAOSHANGSHIDEGUANJIANXINGLINCHUANGSHIYANSHOUSHIZHENIANLINGWEI16~26SUINVXING;SHENPINGFENXILEQUANQIUZHUCELINCHUANGYANJIUSHUJUYIJIDONGYAHUAYIRENQUNJUNXIANSHITONGYANGDEBAOHUXIAOLI,TIXIANQIHUOYIDAYUFENGXIAN。

      ※   ERSHI9~15SUINVXINGERKESHOUSHIZHECAIYONGLEMIANYIYUANXINGQIAOJIESHIYAN,QIEGAISHIYANDONGYAHUAYIRENQUNDELINCHUANGYANJIUSHUJUYOUXIAN。

      ※   SANSHICHAOGUO26SUIDENVXINGYOUGENGDADEHPVGANRANBAOLUDEKENENGXING,QIEMUQIANSHANGWEIHUODEBENYIMIAODUICINIANLINGDUANBAOLUHOURENQUNYOUBAOHUZUOYONGDEZHENGJU。

      2018NIANSHIJIEWEISHENGZUZHI(WHO)TICHUQUANQIUXIAOCHUGONGJINGAIDEMUBIAO,JIYUYIMIAOKEJIXINGTONGSHITUIJIAN3ZHONGHPVYIMIAOLINCHUANGYINGYONG。ZAIZUIXINDELICHANGWENJIANZHONGMINGQUE: XIANYOUZHENGJUXIANSHI3ZHONGYISHANGSHIDEHPVYIMIAODUIYUFANGGONGJINGAIYOUFEICHANGXIANGJINDEBAOHUXIAOGUO。

 Q3: 九价HPV疫苗上市了,还可以选择二价、四价HPV疫苗吗?

 

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      GONGJINGAIXIANGGUANDEGAOWEIXINGHPVGONGYOU14ZHONGJIYINXING,MUQIANJINKOUSHANGSHIDEERJIA、SIJIAHPVYIMIAOSHEJI2ZHONGGAOWEIXINGBIE(HPV-16HEHPV-18)。GAOWEIXINGHPV-16HEHPV-18SHIQUANQIUZUICHANGJIANDEHPVJIYINXING,YUEZHANSUOYOUQINXIXINGGONGJINGAIBINGLIDE70%YISHANG。

      ERJIAHESIJIAHPVYIMIAOZAIGUOWAI100DUOGEGUOJIALINCHUANGYINGYONGDA10YUNIANYISHANG,YIZHENGMINGDUIHPV-16HEHPV-18JUYOUTONGDENGLIANGHAODEBAOHUXIAOGUO,ZHISHAOKECHIXU10NIANZUOYOU。SIJIAHPVYIMIAOBIERJIAHPVYIMIAODUOLELIANGZHONGDIWEIXINGBIEHPV-6HEHPV-11,YINCIBIERJIAHPVYIMIAOZENGJIALEYUFANGJIANRUISHIYOUDESHIYINGZHENG。

      JIUJIAHPVYIMIAOZHONGHANGAI7ZHONGGAOWEIXINGBIE,XIANGBIERJIAHESIJIAYIMIAODUIGONGJINGAIDEYUFANGBAOHUXIAOGUOTIGAO20%ZUOYOU。

      XIAOFEIZHEYINGGENJUZISHENDENIANLING、JINGJIQINGKUANG,ZAIYISHENGDEZHIDAOXIAXUANZEHESHIDEYIMIAO,ANZHAOYIMIAOSHUOMINGSHUZAIZHENGGUIYIMIAOJIEZHONGJIGOUJIEZHONG。

 Q4: 接种了HPV疫苗后,是否可以不做宫颈癌筛查?

      HPVYIMIAOSHIQUANQIUSHOUGEPIZHUNYUFANGAIZHENGDEYIMIAO,CONGHPVGANRANDAOFASHENGGONGJINGAI,XU8NIAN~10NIANDESHIJIAN。ZAIZHEIQIJIAN,RUONENGZAOQIZUZHIHPVGANRANSUOZHIDEBINGBIAN,HUOJIZAOZHENDUANHEZHENGQUEZHILIAO,KEYIKONGZHIBINGBIANXIANGAIZHENGFAZHAN。

     YOUYUMUQIANYISHANGSHIDEHPVYIMIAOJUNWEIHANGAISUOYOUDEGAOWEIJIYINXING,QIEXIANYOUYIMIAODUIYIGANRANRENQUNDEBAOHUXIAOGUOBUMING,SHANGYOUYIXIEGAOLINGRENQUNCHUYUYIMIAOSHIYONGNIANLINGFANWEIZHIWAI,WEIGENGHAODIYUFANGGONGJINGAI,WHOZUIXINDEZHIDAOYUANZEJIANYI: JIEZHONGHPVYIMIAOSHIYUFANGGONGJINGAIZONGHECUOSHIDEYIGEZUCHENGBUFEN,BUNENGQUDAICHANGGUIGONGJINGAISHAICHAGONGZUO,YEBUNENGQUDAIYUFANGHPVGANRANHEXINGCHUANBOJIBINGDEQITACUOSHI。

      NVXINGTIJIANXIANGMUZHONGXIANYOUCHENGSHUDEGONGJINGAIZAOQISHAICHAJISHU,BAOKUOGONGJINGGUAPIANJIANCHA、GONGJINGYEJIBOCENGXIBAOXUEJIANCHA(TCT)、YINDAOJINGJIANCHADENG,SHIYIMIAOYIJIYUFANGZHIWAIDEERJIYUFANGCUOSHI。WEILEBAOHUGUANGDANVXINGJIANKANG,TONGSHIBUNENGHULVEGONGJINGAIDINGQISHAICHA。

 Q5: HPV疫苗接种有哪些注意事项?

      JIUJIAHPVYIMIAODEJIEZHONGTONGQITAYIMIAOYIYANG,YINGGAIYANGEZUNSHOUSHUOMINGSHUZHONGDEJIEZHONGDUIXIANG、MIANYICHENGXU、JIEZHONGSHUOMINGHEZHUYISHIXIANGDENG。YIXIAQINGKUANGYIZAIZHUYISHIXIANGZHONGSHUOMING: RENSHENQIJIANYINGBIMIANJIEZHONG,RUONVXINGYIJINGHUOZHUNBEIRENSHEN,JIANYITUICHIHUOZHEZHONGDUANJIEZHONG,RENSHENQIJIESHUHOUZAIJINXINGJIEZHONG;BURUQIFUNVYINGSHENYONGDENG。


 

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